This week I started learning everyday Japanese… as if what I have learned previously were all out of date language…💔
Actually not really. The ます form is used in formal situations (like news, or professional places when talking to your customers/ managers) to show politeness… it is like Sie form in German. Actually I find a couple of similarities between Japanese and German, which I will cover in a seperate blog.
The everyday Japanese actually turned out to be more complicated😨 than the normal way (for beginners like me), so let’s cover it in the next 3 blogs… (yeah I am not ambitious as I am going away to Tasmania for 4 days later this week).
Today we will cover the easiest one – everyday Japanese for verbs.
Even though I call it the easiest one, it actually uses the knowledge from past 3 lessons – dictionary form, ない form and た form.
🦋Transformation of verbs🦋
- Present tense: dictionary form
- Present tense – negative: ない form
- Past tense: た form
- Past tense – negative: なかった form
- I take photos. 写真を撮る。
- I don’t take photos. 写真を撮らない。
- I took photos. 写真を撮った。
- I didn’t take photos. 写真を撮らなかった。
That’s why in Japanese dramas you hear a lot of 知らない instead of 知りません. Both mean I don’t know, but the former one is more casual among friends but latter one more polite and formal.
Hope it makes sense.