Japanese Notes – Everyday Japanese – 1

This week I started learning everyday Japanese… as if what I have learned previously were all out of date language…๐Ÿ’”

Actually not really. The ใพใ™ form is used in formal situations (like news, or professional places when talking to your customers/ managers) to show politeness… it is like Sie form in German. Actually I find a couple of similarities between Japanese and German, which I will cover in a seperate blog.

The everyday Japanese actually turned out to be more complicated๐Ÿ˜จ than the normal way (for beginners like me), so let’s cover it in the next 3 blogs… (yeah I am not ambitious as I am going away to Tasmania for 4 days later this week).

Today we will cover the easiest one – everyday Japanese for verbs.

Even though I call it the easiest one, it actually uses the knowledge from past 3 lessons – dictionary form, ใชใ„ form and ใŸ form.

๐Ÿฆ‹Transformation of verbs๐Ÿฆ‹

  • Present tense: dictionary form
  • Present tense – negative:ย ใชใ„ form
  • Past tense:ย ใŸ form
  • Past tense – negative: ใชใ‹ใฃใŸ form

๐ŸŠFor example…๐ŸŠ

  • I take photos. ๅ†™็œŸใ‚’ๆ’ฎใ‚‹ใ€‚
  • I don’t take photos. ๅ†™็œŸใ‚’ๆ’ฎใ‚‰ใชใ„ใ€‚
  • I took photos. ๅ†™็œŸใ‚’ๆ’ฎใฃใŸใ€‚
  • I didn’t take photos. ๅ†™็œŸใ‚’ๆ’ฎใ‚‰ใชใ‹ใฃใŸใ€‚

That’s why in Japanese dramas you hear a lot of ็Ÿฅใ‚‰ใชใ„ instead of ็Ÿฅใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“. Both mean I don’t know, but the former one is more casual among friends but latter one more polite and formal.

Hope it makes sense.



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