Japanese Notes – ない form – negative form for verbs

Welcome to Tivamoo’s Japanese Tuesday again!

As said last week I have finished my て form so this week I started my next lesson… which is ない form. Firstly I’d like to recommend that it’s better to master て form (maybe do some exercise and practise as much as you can) before you start learning ない form, as otherwise it will add up lots of complexity and confuse you.

So ない form.

ない form is used to express negative command for verbs; it requests people NOT to do something, almost like the opposite of て form. Unfortunately the rules are quite different from て form… people say that て form is the most complicated one and as long as you master it, other forms are easy… but doesn’t work for me!!😶

Rules – I think it’s hard because for the first type of verbs the pronunciation changes a lot which makes the verb hard to recognise. I won’t specify the rules here as it’s online everywhere.

Examples:

❤️ Please don’t do something: verb + ないでください

  • Please don’t talk in the library.
  • 図書館でしゃべないでください。

❤️ Must/ have to do something: verb + なければ なりません。(Really took me a while to remember this!!😰)

  • I have to rest well tonight.
  • こんばん やすまなければ なりません。

❤️ Need not to/ don’t have to do something:   なくても いいです (can relate to ても いいです)

  • I don’t have to read this book.
  • この本を 読まなくても いいです。

Hope it makes sense. I do like the feeling that I am getting closer to different grammar forms here and feels like all of sudden I start understanding a lot of things!😝

See you next week!

~Tivamoo🌟

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