Japanese notes – ‘measure words’ 101

Yo Yo check it out~~๐Ÿ˜†๐ŸฆŠ It’s Japanese Tuesday again and welcome to Tivamoo’s world ๐Ÿณ. If you are new to my blog every Tuesday you can find Japanese notes here! ไธ€็ท’ใซๅ‹‰ๅผทใ—ใพใ—ใ‚‡ใ†~๐Ÿ’–

Today we are going to learn ‘measure words‘.๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘

Firstly – what’s a measure word? Unlike English, most of the nouns in Japanese need an element between number and noun (to define that noun). That element is the measure word. For example,

  • English: two dogs… (Nice and easy. Note nothing between 2 and dogs.)
  • Japanese: 2ๅŒนใฎ็Šฌ. ๅŒน here is the measure word๐Ÿ˜‡. Note there is no plural btw.

Similarly

  • English: 3 apples
  • Japanese: ไธ‰ใคใฎใ‚Šใ‚“ใ”.๐ŸŽ๐Ÿ๐ŸŽ ใค here is the measure word.

Hope it makes sense~๐Ÿ˜˜ You can stop here just as warm up. If you are interested to learn more, keep reading but the following content may require a bit memorising. So

3…

2..

1.

๐ŸŒŸ๐Ÿ

IMG_7944

Ready to continue? Good choice!๐Ÿ˜€๐Ÿ˜˜ You may notice that in above examples, I have used different measure words (for different nouns). So what are the measure words available? Below are some measure words from 1-10; they are not exhaustive but good to start with. I’ve also highlighted the special ones for you~

  1. ๅ€‹ – commonly used to describe small objects (like eggs): ใ„ใฃใ“/ ใซใ“/ ใ•ใ‚“ใ“/ ใ‚ˆใ‚“ใ“/ ใ“ใ‚™ใ“/ ใ‚ใฃใ“/ ใชใชใ“/ ใฏใฃใ“/ ใใ‚…ใ†ใ“/ ใ—ใ‚™ใ‚…ใฃใ“
  2. ใค – similar to ๅ€‹. ใค is a traditional Japanese measure word: ใฒใจใค/ ใตใŸใค/ ใฟใฃใค/ ใ‚ˆใฃใค/ ใ„ใคใค/ ใ‚€ใฃใค/ ใชใชใค/ ใ‚„ใฃใค/ ใ“ใ“ใฎใค
  3. ๆœฌ – used to describe long and thin objects (like pens): ใ„ใฃใปใ‚šใ‚“/ ใซใปใ‚“/ ใ•ใ‚“ใปใ‚™ใ‚“/ ใ‚ˆใ‚“ใปใ‚“/ ใ“ใ‚™ใปใ‚“/ ใ‚ใฃใปใ‚šใ‚“/ ใชใชใปใ‚“/ ใฏใฃใปใ‚šใ‚“/ ใใ‚…ใ†ใปใ‚“/ ใ—ใ‚™ใ‚…ใฃใปใ‚šใ‚“
  4. ๆžš – used to describe flat objects (like photos): ใ„ใกใพใ„/ ใซใพใ„/ ใ•ใ‚“ใพใ„/ ใ‚ˆใ‚“ใพใ„/ ใ”ใพใ„/ ใ‚ใใพใ„/ ใชใชใพใ„/ ใฏใกใพใ„/ ใใ‚…ใ†ใพใ„/ ใ˜ใ‚…ใ†ใพใ„
  5. ๅŒน – used to describe small animals (like dogs): ใ„ใฃใฒใ‚šใ/ ใซใฒใ/ ใ•ใ‚“ใฒใ‚™ใ/ ใ‚ˆใ‚“ใฒใ/ ใ“ใ‚™ใฒใ/ ใ‚ใฃใฒใ‚šใ/ ใชใชใฒใ/ ใฏใฃใฒใ‚šใ/ ใใ‚…ใ†ใฒใ/ ใ—ใ‚™ใ‚…ใฃใฒใ‚šใ
  6. ไบบ – used to describe human: ใฒใจใ‚Š/ ใตใŸใ‚Š/ ใ•ใ‚“ใซใ‚“/ ใ‚ˆใซใ‚“/ ใ”ใซใ‚“/ ใ‚ใใซใ‚“/ ใชใชใซใ‚“/ ใฏใกใซใ‚“/ ใใ‚…ใ†ใซใ‚“/ ใ˜ใ‚…ใ†ใซใ‚“

Apart from ใค, all the words can be asked with ไฝ•. So: ไฝ•ๅ€‹, ไฝ•ๆžš, ไฝ•ๅŒน etc etc… ใค needs to be asked by ใ„ใใค.

ไปฅไธŠ

Hope the latter part is not too overwhelming for you. Keep it up and let me know how you think about it please! XOXOโœจ

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