Yo Yo check it out~~😆🦊 It’s Japanese Tuesday again and welcome to Tivamoo’s world 🐳. If you are new to my blog every Tuesday you can find Japanese notes here! 一緒に勉強しましょう~💖
Today we are going to learn ‘measure words‘.👏👏👏
Firstly – what’s a measure word? Unlike English, most of the nouns in Japanese need an element between number and noun (to define that noun). That element is the measure word. For example,
- English: two dogs… (Nice and easy. Note nothing between 2 and dogs.)
- Japanese: 2匹の犬. 匹 here is the measure word😇. Note there is no plural btw.
- English: 3 apples
- Japanese: 三つのりんご.🍎🍏🍎 つ here is the measure word.
Hope it makes sense~😘 You can stop here just as warm up. If you are interested to learn more, keep reading but the following content may require a bit memorising. So
Ready to continue? Good choice!😀😘 You may notice that in above examples, I have used different measure words (for different nouns). So what are the measure words available? Below are some measure words from 1-10; they are not exhaustive but good to start with. I’ve also highlighted the special ones for you~
- 個 – commonly used to describe small objects (like eggs): いっこ/ にこ/ さんこ/ よんこ/ ごこ/ ろっこ/ ななこ/ はっこ/ きゅうこ/ じゅっこ
- つ – similar to 個. つ is a traditional Japanese measure word: ひとつ/ ふたつ/ みっつ/ よっつ/ いつつ/ むっつ/ ななつ/ やっつ/ ここのつ
- 本 – used to describe long and thin objects (like pens): いっぽん/ にほん/ さんぼん/ よんほん/ ごほん/ ろっぽん/ ななほん/ はっぽん/ きゅうほん/ じゅっぽん
- 枚 – used to describe flat objects (like photos): いちまい/ にまい/ さんまい/ よんまい/ ごまい/ ろくまい/ ななまい/ はちまい/ きゅうまい/ じゅうまい
- 匹 – used to describe small animals (like dogs): いっぴき/ にひき/ さんびき/ よんひき/ ごひき/ ろっぴき/ ななひき/ はっぴき/ きゅうひき/ じゅっぴき
- 人 – used to describe human: ひとり/ ふたり/ さんにん/ よにん/ ごにん/ ろくにん/ ななにん/ はちにん/ きゅうにん/ じゅうにん
Apart from つ, all the words can be asked with 何. So: 何個, 何枚, 何匹 etc etc… つ needs to be asked by いくつ.
Hope the latter part is not too overwhelming for you. Keep it up and let me know how you think about it please! XOXO✨
🍮 Tivamoo’s blog update schedule:
- Tue – Japanese Notes – want to learn how to say positions in Japanese?
- Fri – (optional) random ideas
- Sun – weekly life+food awesomeness in Australia