Japanese notes – how to say ‘I have…’ in Japanese? ใŒ particle

My Japanese class progress is moving very slowly but hopefully helps build the fundementals right (well it better be๐Ÿ). Yesterday we learned more about the particle ใŒ ๐Ÿฆ†๐Ÿฆ†๐Ÿฆ†๐Ÿฆ†.

As my previous post indicated, ใŒ can be used to show like/ hate/ good at/ bad at. Check those details here.๐Ÿ™ƒ

But apparently it can go beyond it (actually from my very accurate research ใŒ seems to be one of the most frequently used particles.๐Ÿ™€) . So today we will look at how it connects noun and verb.

See below examples:

  • ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ ใ‹ใฐใ‚“ใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚I have a bag.
  • ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ ่ปŠใŒ ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚I don’t have a car.
  • Mapleใกใ‚ƒใ‚“ใฏ่‹ฑ่ชžใŒๅˆ†ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚Miss Maple understands English.๐Ÿ•

So all sentences use ใŒ to link the noun and verb (object of the verb). But wait: why it uses ใŒ but some other verbs use ใ‚’?

Good question๐Ÿ‘ฏ! Here you go. Compare below 2 sentences:

  • ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ ใ“ใฎๆœฌใ‚’่ชญใฟใพใ™ใ€‚
  • ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ ใ“ใฎๆœฌใŒๅˆ†ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

Feeeeel the difference and before you keep reading, try to make a guess on it~

Answer: the first verb with ใ‚’ indicates an actual action (well you know, read, take, ear, drink etc) and the second one with ใŒ indicate a state (have, know, understand etc). ๐ŸŽˆ Of course due to my poor vocabulary I cannot think of more with ใŒ and hence it’s good to get the rule right and when new ones come up I know what to use.๐ŸŒŸ๐Ÿค—๐Ÿ’ก๐Ÿ”ฎ๐ŸŽช


๐Ÿ˜˜ Tivamooโ€™s blog update schedule:

  • Tue โ€“ Japanese Notes
  • Fri โ€“ (optional) random ideas
  • Sun โ€“ weekly life+food awesomeness in Australia

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5 thoughts on “Japanese notes – how to say ‘I have…’ in Japanese? ใŒ particle

  1. locksleyu says:

    I think your examples that use ใŒ plus an animal (ex: ็ŠฌใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™) are not correct or at least unnatural. Typically we use the verb ใ„ใ‚‹ for describing living, breathing things: ็ŠฌใŒใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

    Liked by 2 people

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