CC read Sunzi – Chapter 3

Art of War chapter 3! It’s the first time I kept most of the  original text (p(^_^)q) but yet it’s not necessarily a word to word translation. To add another disclaimer: it’s not a translation exercise so please don’t judge the language skills (even it cannot be too bad). I think I might end up with half page of fine text some day….(⌒-⌒; )

—— here we go with the good stuff ——

Sunzi said: regarding how to manage armies in a war – the best result is to take over a country in a healthy way; defeat and destroy it is a less ideal situation. Similarly it’s better to win a war by keeping enemies alive; killing them is a less good result. So it’s not necessarily the wisest to just win all the battles. It’s much wiser if wars are won without fighting.

So the best army win in strategy; the second best win diplomatically; then it’s to have physical battle and the worst is to destroy enemy’s towns, which should be the last resort. Because tools and weapons to attack towns take months after months to prepare. When attacking, the leader tends to turn even more furious and will request soldiers to climb the wall like ants. It’s really a disaster that the town cannot be conquered even at the cost of one third of the army.

So the art of war is to make enemies surrender without fighting against them, to take over a town without attacking it and to conquer a country without a long-lasting war. The strategy is to keep everything (rather than destroying it) and hence the soldiers are not worn out too.

The way to fight a battle is to surround the enemies when our army is 10 times stronger; attack them when 5 times stronger; separate them when we are just double. When the enemy is of similar force, we should just fight against them; when they have more people then we should defend, and when we are too weak then we should avoid them. Small army which insists on fighting are doomed to be captured by bigger enemies.

The leaders in war are the key people for a country. A capable leader leads a strong country and incapable leader a weak country.

There are three types of bad leadership in army. The first is to order moving forward or backward without understanding the situation; this put the army in a bad position. The second is to intervene the war fair without any military knowledge; this confuses the army. The third is to manage the army without knowing the strategy; then soldiers will question the management. When the armies are confused and unconfident, the subsidiary countries will rebel and attack. Those armies can be easily defeated.

There are five keys to win the war. Those who know whether the fight should happen or not can win. Those who knows the the strategy with different army sizes can win. Those who have an army with one goal can win. Those who use tricks to cheat the enemy can win. Those who has capable military leader and the monarch doesn’t intervene can win.

So we say: if an army know enemy as well as themselves, they can win all the battles; those who know themselves but not their enemy can win 50% of the battles. Those who know neither the enemy nor themselves will certainly be defeated.

Zebra says: we should avoid the giraffes as they over-number us!

—— below is the original text ——

孫子曰:凡用兵之法,全國為上,破國次之;全軍為上,破軍次之;全旅為上,破旅次之;全卒為上,破卒次之;全伍為上,破伍次之。是故百戰百勝,非善之善者也;不戰而屈人之兵,善之善者也。

故上兵伐謀,其次伐交,其次伐兵,其下攻城。攻城之法,為不得已。修櫓轒轀,具器械,三月而後成;距闉,又三月而後已。將不勝其忿,而蟻附之,殺士三分之一,而城不拔者,此攻之災也。

故善用兵者,屈人之兵而非戰也,拔人之城而非攻也,毀人之國而非久也,必以全爭於天下,故兵不頓而利可全,此謀攻之法也。

故用兵之法,十則圍之,五則攻之,倍則分之,敵則能戰之,少則能守之,不若則能避之。故小敵之堅,大敵之擒也。

夫將者,國之輔也。輔周則國必強,輔隙則國必弱。

故君之所以患於軍者三:不知軍之不可以進,而謂之進,不知軍之不可以退,而謂之退,是為縻軍;不知三軍之事,而同三軍之政,則軍士惑矣;不知三軍之權,而同三軍之任,則軍士疑矣。三軍既惑且疑,則諸侯之難至矣,是謂亂軍引勝。

故知勝有五:知可以戰與不可以戰者勝,識衆寡之用者勝,上下同欲者勝,以虞待不虞者勝,將能而君不御者勝。此五者,知勝之道也。
故曰:知彼知己,百戰不殆;不知彼而知己,一勝一負;不知彼不知己,每戰必殆。

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One thought on “CC read Sunzi – Chapter 3

  1. Jax says:

    后半段想到风暴,很多人就是不懂得什么时候该上,人数落后还要上,大家都上了他缩了,直来直去脸探草丛,还有各种泉水指挥官。
    有这些人的基本都会输。

    Like

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