CC read Sunzi – Chapter 1

I have been reading Art of War by Sunzi for some time and think maybe I can share it in my own language. It’s not an official translation so leave any comment if you have any feedback please!(^_−)−☆

BTW I will update it twice a week.

—— Chapter 1 —–

Sunzi said: war is a big decision for country and a matter of live and death, so we have to plan it well. So Sunzi concluded 5 most important factors: reason for war, climate, landscape, leaders and rules.

Reason for war: people in country should be convinced and support the war. They should have no fear and can live or die with the country. Climate: weather and time. Landscape: geographic features and distance. Leaders: leads need to be smart, faithful, virtuous, brave and strict. Rules: managing system. We can only win when we master all 5 factors. Actually the result of war can be predicted by checking who has a better reason for war; who has a better leader; who has the right system (and some other examples).

If a leader follows my instructions, he will win so I shall keep him; if he doesn’t follow, he will lose and I shall let him go. Apart from the instructions, it’s also important to manage the situation. We should cheat our enemy in a war –  when we can we shall pretend that we cannot, when we are close we pretend that we are far (and some other examples).  Managing situation is also to strategy to enemies – when they are strong we should avoid them; when they are united we should break them down (and some other examples too…-_-#). We should attack in an unexpected way and when enemies are not ready, and not expose our plan early.

So before the war, if we use above rules to plan and we have better chance to win, then we probably will win; if we use above rules and plan and we have less chance to win, then we will probably lose. Even we plan we might lose, let alone if we don’t plan at all… Sunzi can tell the war by just looking at this.

Alpaca says: attack in an unexpected way!

—— below is the original text ——

孫子曰:兵者,國之大事,死生之地,存亡之道,不可不察也。故經之以五事,校之以計,而索其情:一曰道,二曰天,三曰地,四曰將,五曰法。
道者,令民與上同意,可與之死,可與之生,而不畏危也。天者,陰陽、寒暑、時制也。地者,高下、遠近、險易、廣狹、死生也。將者,智、信、仁、勇、嚴也。法者,曲制、官道、主用也。凡此五者,將莫不聞,知之者勝,不知者不勝。故校之以計,而索其情,曰:主孰有道?將孰有能?天地孰得?法令孰行?兵眾孰強?士卒孰練?賞罰孰明?吾以此知勝負矣。

將聽吾計,用之必勝,留之;將不聽吾計,用之必敗,去之。計利以聽,乃為之勢,以佐其外。勢者,因利而制權也。兵者,詭道也。故能而示之不能,用而示之不用,近而示之遠,遠而示之近。利而誘之,亂而取之,實而備之,強而避之,怒而撓之,卑而驕之,佚而勞之,親而離之。攻其無備,出其不意。此兵家之勝,不可先傳也。

夫未戰而廟算勝者,得算多也;未戰而廟算不勝者,得算少也。多算勝,少算不勝,而況於無算乎?吾以此觀之,勝負見矣。

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5 thoughts on “CC read Sunzi – Chapter 1

  1. Jax says:

    师出有名,士卒争先,士气如虹,故未战而先得其势。占天卜地,成竹在胸,计划详备,故未战而先立于不败之地。调兵遣将,知人善用,故未战而目标一致,上下一心。赏罚分明,张弛有度,故军民各守职责,高效分工。

    This is the Tao behind any project. If you convert them into modern company culture it’s managerial planning. When we kick off a project, we need to understand “why” we do it. We need to manage external and internal stakeholders. We need to form the correct team. And we need to setup a right process.

    The WHY is so important, if you fully understand the WHY behind anything you do, it will be a very powerful driven force and source of confidence which will lead your project to success. This also correlates to my learning 2 weeks ago on the why-how-what model, extensive Ted talk link https://www.ted.com/talks/simon_sinek_how_great_leaders_inspire_action

    Like

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